The following lists of native farm animal breeds considered to be at particular risk (in the event of an outbreak of exotic disease) have been determined from the expert advice of the UK Farm Animal Genetic Resources Committee (FAnGR).

Lists of breeds at risk are available below for:

The estimated number of pedigree breeding females is provided in brackets.

1. Cattle

Breeds at risk Highland

Photo: PhoCas Travel

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cattle breeds at risk include:

  • British White (1117)
  • Chillingham (23)
  • Galloway (including Black, Red and Dun) (3085)
  • Gloucester (460)
  • Guernsey (2682)
  • Highland (3161)
  • Irish Moiled (587)
  • Lincoln Red (2439)
  • Northern Dairy Shorthorn (115)
  • Red Poll (2702)
  • Shetland (676)
  • Vaynol (16)
  • White Galloway (239)
  • White Park (744)
  • Whitebred Shorthorn (381)

Currently above threshold but do not meet criteria for removal, such as, above threshold of 3,000 estimated breeding females for past three years with increasing population trend:

  • Highland (3161)
  • Galloway (including Black, Red and Dun) (3085)

2. Sheep

Breeds at risk Manx Loaghtan

Photo: Rachel Graham

Sheep breeds at risk include:

  • Badger Face Welsh (Torwen) (1366)
  • Balwen (718)
  • Border Leicester (1554)
  • Boreray (504)
  • Cambridge (2021: no data, 2020: 277)
  • Castlemilk Moorit (1032)
  • Clun Forest (2021, 2020: no data, 2019: 2169)
  • Cotswold (826)
  • Derbyshire Gritstone (767)
  • Devon & Cornwall Longwool (553)
  • Devon Closewool (1281)
  • Dorset Down (1788)
  • Dorset Horn (1628)
  • Greyface Dartmoor (3079)
  • Hill Radnor (1174)
  • Leicester Longwool (660)
  • Lincoln Longwool (561)
  • Llanwenog (2420)
  • Lonk (1551)
  • Manx Loaghtan (736)
  • Norfolk Horn (1155)
  • North Ronaldsay / Orkney (476)
  • Oxford Down (1063)
  • Portland (1178)
  • Shropshire (3172)
  • Soay (905)
  • Teeswater (941)
  • Wensleydale (1038)
  • White Face Dartmoor (2890)
  • Whitefaced Woodland (415)

Currently above threshold but do not meet criteria for removal, such as above threshold of 3,000 estimated breeding females for past three years with increasing population trend:

  • Greyface Dartmoor (3079)
  • Shropshire (3172)

In addition, the following sheep breeds are recognised to be geographically concentrated.  These breeds are not currently included on the breeds at risk lists but would be expected to be added if the number of breeding females fell below the numerical thresholds given in the criteria:

  • Brecknock Hill Cheviot
  • Dalesbred
  • Exmoor Horn
  • Herdwick
  • Romney
  • Rough Fell
  • Shetland Island
  • South Country Cheviot
  • South Wales Mountain (Nelson type)
  • Welsh Hill Speckled Face

3. Goats

Photo: Eric Buermeyer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Goat breeds at risk include:

  • Bagot (542)
  • Cheviot (Feral) (642)
  • Golden Guernsey (1696)
  • Old English Goats (10)
  • Saanen (244)
  • Toggenburg (225)

4. Pigs

Breeds at risk Berkshire pig

Photo: Chris Graham

Pig breeds at risk include:

  • Berkshire (331)
  • British Landrace (142)
  • British Lop (313)
  • British Saddleback (409)
  • Gloucestershire Old Spots (636)
  • Large Black (319)
  • Large White (291)
  • Middle White (341)
  • Oxford Sandy and Black (498)
  • Tamworth (240)
  • Welsh (457)

5. Equines

Breeds at risk New Forest

Photo: Dave Kjaer

Equine breeds at risk include:

  • British Percheron
  • Cleveland Bay Horse
  • Clydesdale Horse
  • Dales Pony
  • Dartmoor Pony
  • Eriskay Pony
  • Exmoor Pony
  • Fell Pony
  • Hackney
  • Highland Pony
  • New Forest Pony
  • Shire Horse
  • Suffolk

6. Poultry

Breeds at risk Australorp

Photo: Chris Graham

Poultry breeds at risk include:

6.1 Chickens

  • Australorp (large fowl)
  • Brussbar
  • Burmese
  • Cochins
  • Cream Legbar
  • Croad Langshan
  • Dorbar
  • Dorking
  • Ixworth
  • Lincolnshire Buff (bantam)
  • Lincolnshire Buff (large fowl)
  • Marsh Daisy
  • Modern Langshan
  • Nankin
  • Norfolk Grey
  • North Holland Blue
  • Old English Pheasant Fowl
  • Rumpless Game
  • Scots Dumpy (bantam)
  • Scots Dumpy (large fowl)
  • Sebright
  • Sicilian Buttercup
  • Welbar
  • Wybar

6.2 Ducks

Breeds at risk Aylesbury

Photo: Rachel Graham

  • Abacot Ranger
  • Aylesbury
  • Cayuga
  • Orpington
  • Shetland Duck

6.3 Geese

Photo: Rachel Graham

  • Brecon Buff
  • Buff Back
  • Embden
  • Shetland
  • West of England

6.4 Turkeys

Photo: Smiler99

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • Harvey Speckled
  • Norfolk Black

 

For more information, visit the gov.uk website here

 

For more livestock health updates, click here

SubscribeSubscribe
2 issues for £6!

Subscribe to The Smallholder magazine and receive your first 2 issues for just £6!